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Mu’awiya could be seen speaking to the people on the minbar of Damascus wearing a patched garment. After killing off most of the Umayyads and destroying the graves of the Umayyad rulers apart from Muawiyah and Umar Ibn Adbul Aziz, the history books written during the later Abbasid period are more anti Umayyad.

Hazrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiya

After the treaty with Ali’s son HassanMuawiyah ruled for nearly amer years most of which were spent expanding the state. Do not harm him, yet show him the thunder and lightning [of your anger]. Theophanus also muuawiya to Umar ibn al-Khattab as “Primus inter pares”. Summer campaign against the Romans Ma’n ibn Yazid.

According to some books [29] the town of Caesarea was taken by Muawiyah inwhen the last Byzantine Roman garrison in Syria and Palestine surrendered. Ibn Kathir wrote in his book Al-Bidayah wan-Nihayah that “in the year 56 AH Muawiyah called on the people including those within the outlying territories to pledge allegiance to his son, Yazeed, to be his heir to the Caliphate after him.

He knew when to give into us, to even allow himself to be tricked when we tried to do that to him. Harvard University Press; 6 October Muawiyah greatly beautified Damascus, and developed a court to rival that of Constantinople.

This section contains too many or too-lengthy quotations for an encyclopedic entry. It wasn’t the kind where Muawiyah was appointed by the Muslims. The Caliphate of Mu’awiyah A. Winter campaign against the Romans Muhammad ibn Malik. On one occasion, Mu’awiya ascended the minbar and praised Allah. It was a collection preserving everything for future generations to codify and for future generations to judge if it was true or false.


The Cambridge Companion to the Qur’an. Muawiyah had a personal library collection bayt al-hikmah [94] that was enlarged by his successors “throughout the Umayyad period. In his reign, which covered twenty years, some areas of Sijistan, Raqqah, Sudan, Africa, Tarablus TripoliAljazair and some areas of Sindh were conquered. RahmanPage 48 and Pages Be careful O my son, that you do not meet God with his blood, lest you be among those that will perish” [83].

Muawiya was one of the first to realize the full importance of having a navy; as long as the Byzantine fleet could sail the Mediterranean unopposed, the coastline of Syria, Palestine and Egypt would never be safe.

However Muaawiyah refused that until Ali surrendered those who killed Uthman. By his creation of a fleet, Muawiyah was the driving force of the Muslim effort against Byzantium. Because of this Muawiyah passed through al-Madinah on his way back from Makkah upon muxwiya of his Umrah Pilgrimage where he summoned each one of the five aforementioned kuawiya and threatened them.

This practice lasted for 65 years and was ended by Umayyad caliph Umar bin Abdul Aziz.

During the time of Abu Bakr, Muawiyah used to serve under his brother Yazid ibn Muadiya Sufyan not to be confused with Muawiyah’s son Yazid ibn Muawiya who was the caliph during the period in which Husain ibn Ali was martyred at the Battle of Kerbala. Al-Utbi narrated from his father that when Muawiya was dying, he quoted the following verses to those present in at-Taweel poetry: Ibn Kathir said: Muawiyah then delivered a sermon, having stood these five men below the pulpit in full view of the people after which the people pledged allegiance to Yazeed as they stood in silence without displaying their disagreement or opposition for fear of being humiliated.


Muawiyah I

I wished that we would never lose him, just as a rock remaining on this summit” pointing to the mountain of Abu Qubays outside Mekka. The “divided phase” relates to the Rashidun caliphate of Ali during the First Fitna.

If Umar heard a single word concerning him he would flog him, amder punish him with the utmost severity. A History of Byzantium.

So he removed the shirt he had on and clothed me in it”. Campaign against the Romans. Umayyah bin Abdu Shams was the great grandfather of Muawiyah. Muawiyah had a few rare virtues.

Hazrat Sayyiduna Ameer Muawiya

This also allowed the expansion of the state into north Africa and Spain. Later Umar formalized the welfare state Bayt al-mal. Before the appearance of Islam, Abu Sufyan was counted among the rich men of Arab and he was one of the major enemies of Islam. There was much anti Arab feeling in Iran after the fall of the Persian empire. This certainly couldn’t have been given preference over peace and order.

He picked out the best leaders from various tribes whereas elsewhere in the state the military units were still based along tribal lines.