Encyclical: Libertas Praestantissimum-On Human Liberty [Pope Leo XIII] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Liberty—one of the world’s most. Encyclical on Human Liberty, one of the world’s most misunderstood concepts is put into its true Catholic perspective. Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum. by Member Supported Restoration Radio · May 20,
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For their subjects are the same, and not infrequently they deal with the same objects, though in different ways. These truths she has always taught, and has sustained them as a dogma ptaestantissimum faith, and whensoever heretics or innovators have attacked the liberty of man, the Church has defended it and protected this noble possession from destruction.
Such, then, being the condition of human liberty, it necessarily stands in need of light and strength to direct its actions to good and to restrain praeshantissimum from evil. And within the sphere of this kind of laws the duty of praestajtissimum civil legislator is, mainly, to keep the community in obedience by the adoption of a common discipline and by putting restraint upon refractory and viciously inclined men, so that, deterred from evil, they may turn to what is good, or at any rate may avoid causing trouble and disturbance to the State.
If when men discuss the question of liberty they were careful to grasp its true and legitimate meaning, such as reason and reasoning have just explained, they would never venture to affix such a calumny on the Church as to assert that she is the foe of individual and public liberty. The unanimous consent and judgment of men, which is the trusty voice of nature, recognizes this natural liberty in those only who are endowed with intelligence or reason; and it is by his use of this that man is rightly regarded as responsible for his actions.
When, therefore, it is established that man’s soul is immortal and endowed with reason and not bound up with things material, the foundation of natural liberty is at once most firmly laid.
This subject is often discussed libetras the Angelic Doctor in his demonstration that the possibility of sinning is not freedom, but slavery. The fruit, instead of being sweet and wholesome, has proved cankered and bitter.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
Lastly, there remain those who, while they do not approve the separation of Church and State, think nevertheless that the Church ought to adapt herself to the times and conform to what is required by the modern system of government.
It will suffice to quote his subtle commentary on the words of our Lord: For public authority exists for the welfare of those whom it governs; and, although its proximate end is to lead men to the prosperity found in this life, yet, in so doing, it ought not to diminish, but rather to increase, man’s capability of attaining to the supreme good in which his everlasting praestantiseimum consists: But, from what has been said, it is clear that all this is in contradiction to reason.
With reference also to public affairs: Besides, those who are in authority owe it to the commonwealth not only to provide for its external well-being and the conveniences of life, but still more to consult the welfare of men’s souls in the wisdom of their legislation. At no time, and in no place, has she held truce with fatalism. This follows of necessity from the truth that we are ever in the power of God, are ever guided by His will and providence, and, having come forth from Him, must return to Him.
And his judgment not only decides what is right or wrong of its own nature, but also what is practically good and therefore to be chosen, and what is practically evil and therefore to be avoided. Thus, truth being gradually obscured by darkness, pernicious and manifold error, as too often happens, will easily prevail.
By many and convincing arguments, often used by defenders of Christianity, certain leading truths have been laid down: Praestantissjmum this, the freedom of our will would be our ruin. praestahtissimum
Libertas (June 20, ) | LEO XIII
Were this the case, it would follow that to become free we must be deprived of reason; whereas the truth is that we are bound to submit to law precisely because we are free by our very nature. Indeed, if the human mind be so presumptuous as to define the nature and extent of God’s rights and its own duties, reverence praestantissimkm the divine law will be apparent rather than real, and arbitrary judgment will prevail over the authority and providence of God.
And this all the more surely, because by far the greater part of the community is either absolutely unable, or able only with great difficulty, to escape from illusions and deceitful subtleties, especially such as flatter the passions. Furthermore, with ambitious designs on sovereignty, tumult and sedition will be common amongst the people; and when duty and conscience cease to preastantissimum to them, there will be nothing to hold them back but force, which of itself alone is powerless to keep their covetousness in check.
As to morals, the laws of the Gospel not only immeasurably praestantissimim the wisdom of the heathen, but are an invitation and an introduction to a state of holiness unknown to the ancients; and, bringing man nearer to God, they make him at once the possessor of a more perfect liberty.
Yet he is free also to turn aside to all other things; and, in pursuing the empty semblance of good, to disturb rightful order and to fall headlong into the destruction which he has voluntarily chosen. Wherefore, civil society must acknowledge God as its Founder and Parent, and must obey and reverence His power and authority.
Such, for instance, are the men belonging to that widely spread and powerful organization, who, usurping the name of liberty, style themselves liberals. Nothing more foolish can be uttered or conceived than the notion that, because man is free by nature, he is therefore exempt from law.
Indeed, very many amongst them, compelled by the force of truth, do not hesitate liberta admit that such liberty is vicious, nay, is simple license, whenever intemperate in its claims, to the neglect of truth and justice; and therefore they would have liberty ruled and directed by right reason, and consequently subject to the natural law and to the divine eternal law.
Season 4, Popes Against the Modern Errors, Episode 4: Libertas Praestantissimum
But all this, clearly, cannot praestantissimuk found in man, if, as his own supreme legislator, he is to be the rule of his own actions. And, what is still more important, and what We have more than once pointed out, although the civil authority has not the same proximate end as the spiritual, nor proceeds on the same lines, nevertheless in the exercise of their separate powers they must occasionally meet.
Yet there are many who imagine that the Church is hostile to human liberty. For this reason, while not conceding any right to anything save what is true and honest, she does not forbid public authority to tolerate what is at variance with truth and justice, for the sake of avoiding some greater evil, or of obtaining or preserving some greater good. But many there are who follow in the footsteps of Lucifer, and adopt as their own his rebellious cry, “I will not serve”; and consequently substitute for true liberty what is sheer and most foolish license.
And, first, let us examine that liberty in individuals which is so opposed to the virtue of religion, namely, the liberty of worshipas it is called.
But here they think they may stop, holding that man as a free being is bound by no law of God except such as He makes known to us through our natural reason. But, to justify this, it must needs be taken as true that the State has no duties toward God, or that such duties, if they exist, can be abandoned with impunity, both of which assertions are manifestly false.
Libertas Praestantissimum Archives – Jon Haines
The form, however, of the sin is manifold; for in more ways and degrees than one can the will depart from the obedience which is due to God or to those who libertaz the divine power.
Thus, too, license will gain what liberty loses; for liberty will ever be more free and secure in proportion as license is kept in fuller restraint.
Moreover, besides this, a doctrine of such character is most hurtful both to individuals and to the State. For, what reason and the natural law do for individuals, that human lawpromulgated for their good, does for the citizens of States. To refuse any bond of union between man and civil society, on the one hand, and God the Creator and consequently the supreme Law-giver, on the other, is plainly repugnant to the nature, not only of man, but of all created things; for, of necessity, all effects must in some proper way be connected prqestantissimum their cause; and it belongs to the perfection of every nature to contain itself within that sphere and grade which the order of nature has assigned to it, namely, that the lower should praesttantissimum subject and obedient to the higher.
When, therefore, he acts according to reason, he acts of himself and according to his free will; and this is liberty. For it cannot be doubted but that, by the will of God, men are united in civil society; whether its component parts be considered; or its form, lbertas implies authority; or the object of its existence; or the abundance of the vast libetas which it renders to man.