CHANGING GENDER ROLES AS A SOLUTION? A Reading of Mahesh Dattani’s Final Solutions Dr. Sumita Roy Osmania University Hyderabad. The very fact. Contents. Preface. 7. Introduction to English Drama in English. 9. Mahesh Dattani : Life and Works. A Critical Analysis of Final Solutions. Act I. Act I. Final Solutions has 69 ratings and 0 reviews: Paperback.

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The play Final Solutions opens with Daksha or Hardikaa newly married girl, writing her diary on March 31, In the diary, she writes about her experience in her new house. She is not of good opinions regarding her in-laws.

Though India had gained independence, yet she is imprisoned within the four walls of the house. She has good maheesh for the songs of Shamshad Begum, Noor Jahan etc. She even wanted to become solutionns singer like them but due to the family restrictions, her desires remain unfulfilled.

Final Solutions Summary | Mahesh Dattani | English Summary

She got a chance to visit a Muslim girl Zarine, who also had a great taste for the songs of Noor Jahan and Shamshad Begum. In a course of time, they became best friends. The scene mayesh shifts to the present in a town of Gujarat and she is an old woman now.

An idol of Hindu God is broken down. There are rumours that it is broken down purposely by Muslims and thus due to the tension between Hindus and Muslims, Slogans by mobs of both the communities are heard alternatively. Smita granddaughter of Hardika is talking on the phone to the family of her friend Tasneem as Tasneem has just called and told her Smita and probably her own family as well that some bomb has blasted in her hostel.

Meanwhile, Javed and Bobby, two Muslim boys are in some argument on the side of the road in a nearby area. Suddenly some Hindu men come and start asking them questions and also search them. Finding a scull-cap in the pocket of Bobby, they at once recognise them as Muslims. As they try to kill them, Javed and Bobby run away and the mob chases them. Ramanik, at last, opens the door. They at once rush in and lock the door. They plead Ramanik to save their life.


Mob arrives at the door of Ramanik. They warn Ramanik to either handover Javed and Bobby to them or they will break the door and come in.

Final Solutions: A Stage Play

However, Ramanik refuses to do so. The mob starts throwing stones and sticks on the house and also abuses Ramanik. Aruna does not like Muslims in her house and forces her husband to throw them out of it. Ramanik starts talking to Bobby and Sloutions. Bobby is polite while Javed is quite harsh in the conversation.

Ramanik asks them about their studies and upon learning that Javed is a school drop-out start talking bad about him. Smita comes and recognises both of them. Aruna asks Smita how she knows both of them. It is also revealed that Javed does not live with his parents. Ramanik then asks how he can meet his sister.

Javed says that unlike them the Hindus he loves the people of his community. Aruna gets outraged and Javed apologises. Mob throws stones at the house of Ramanik. He also tells how his grandfather was killed by Muslim mob soon after the partition.

Ramanik offers them milk.

Ramanik still sympathetic explains how the conflict started. There were rumours that during the Rath Yatra of Hindus, some Muslims threw stones on the chariots that made the idols of God to fall and break into pieces and even Pujari was stabbed to death. The event led to the imposition of curfew in their town. Smita mahesb with pillows for Bobby and Javed. Bobby says that he came in search of a job.

Ramanik offers him a job at his cloth-shop but Smita warns her father from doing mahssh. When Ramanik inquires about the matter, she reveals that Javed was hired by a terrorist organisation and was thus expelled from his house.

She also tells that she came to know about this from Tasneem. Javed condemns her for betraying her friend vattani she promised Tasneem that she will not expose the reality of Javed.

Smita acknowledges her mistake and being speechless runs away. Ramanik finak asking Javed about his involvement in terrorism in a teasing manner. Javed becomes furious and yells hot words.

Mahesh Dattani

Ramanik angrily slaps Javed and Bobby rushes to calm them down. Bobby then tells when they were young, Javed happened to touch a letter of his Hindu neighbour who abused the former badly. Javed got angry and after some days threw pieces of beef meat in his house. Bobby and Javed decide to leave.


Ramanik desiring to make Javed accept his job at any cost threatens them by saying that he will call the police. Javed first burst into the laugh and then tells that he was ordered to kill the Pujari in the name of Jihad.

He reached the chariot and tried to stab Pujari but the latter begged for mercy and thus he became still. All his passions died and he threw away the knife but someone else took it and stabbed the Pujari to death.

Ramanik is moved and calls Javed brave.

Smita comes and apologises for exposing him. After a while, Aruna also comes and after ensuring that it is safe to go outside thinks of bringing water. Smita suggests taking the help of Bobby.

Aruna being strict in her religious matters condemns Smita for such a suggestion and thus both mother and daughter fall into an argument. Aruna being astonished for the queer behaviour of her daughter is quite shocked. While in chaos, she goes to take bath. Smita, Bobby and Javed go out to bring water. Through their discussion, it is revealed that Smita and Bobby loved each other but due to the communal problems they had to separate.

All the three friends become frank and start cracking jokes and even throw water on each other. Ramanik requests her mother not to blame them. When Aruna comes out after taking bath, Bobby unexpectedly goes in the small temple and in spite of denial by Aruna he respectfully takes the idol solutiona his hands and talks about communal harmony and keeps back in its place. Both of them solution go away. He desires not to visit his shop again. Thus the play Final Solutions ends without any solutions to these communal issues that have remained in the society since ages.

Have you read these? His Idea of Secularism and Religion.