ASTM D1194-94 PDF

Designation: D – AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING AND MATERIALS Barr Harbor Dr., West Conshohocken, PA Reprinted from the. Buy ASTM D TEST METHOD FOR BEARING CAPACITY OF SOIL FOR STATIC LOAD AND SPREAD FOOTINGS from SAI Global. ASTM: D AASHTO: T Apparatus. Loading platform of sufficient size and strength to supply the estimated load. Hydraulic or mechanical.

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However, in the present study of the gravelly cobble deposit, the relationship between the ultimate bearing capacity and the plate size is not exactly linear.

Relationship between ultimate bearing capacity and plate diameter. Thus, they are generally too conservative for the design of mat foundations. Thus, the modulus of subgrade reaction KS is not just a soil parameter, it is also affected by the structural stiffness. The area at the bottom of the excavation was about 4 m2. Foundation analysis and design. This reinforces the observation about the relationship between the modulus of subgrade reaction and the size of the plate in the case of the gravelly cobble deposit.

Introductory soil mechanics and foundations, The McMillan Co. Soil profile of the test site.

Proctor penetrometer | Matest

This simply confirms the well-recognized fact that Terzaghi’s bearing-capacity theory is usually the most conservative. The Western Foothills are mainly composed of Miocene to Pleistocene sandstone and shale strata. Geologic map of Taichung Basin.

However, the load tests did result in an important finding: Using a factor of safety of 1. To accommodate larger size plates, it was decided to use eight reaction anchors, each carrying an allowable load of up to kN t. The angle of internal friction may be back-calculated from the measured ultimate bearing capacity.


Nevertheless, the tests were conducted from small plate to large plate, with a 10 day time interval between the tests, to minimize the effect. In reality, q and interact with each other and are difficult to estimate. The individual reaction anchor was designed according to Littlejohn’s formula.

This paper presents the result of plate-load tests conducted on a gravelly cobble deposit in Taichung Basin, Taiwan. A mat foundation usually consists of three parts: Thus, results from the three plate-load tests were readily comparable.

Settlement is caused by the contact pressure q. Before applying the loads, the pressure gauge and the dial gauge were set to zero. These field tests provide an opportunity to examine the applicability of existing theories on bearing capacity and subgrade reaction in this geologic formation.

The second layer, from 0. Shoei-Muh Wei assisted in several aspects of this study. However, these topics are beyond the scope of the present paper. Hansen’s formula appears to be most accurate in the present study.

Large Scale Plate Load Tests

This may be because the gravelly cobble deposit is much stiffer than the soils considered by Terzaghi. Based on Hansen’s formula, the ultimate bearing capacity was about kN t. The west boundary of the basin is the Tatu Terrace, and the east boundary is the Taiwan Western Foothills. Note that the characteristics of coarse granular materials might be better estimated by several other methods, such as shear- and compression-wave measurements, Becker Hammer Drill penetration tests, and the photo-sieving method.


The qu values of the 0. Figure 1 shows a geologic map and profile of the Taichung Basin. The ultimate strength of each steel bar was kN In addition, the load test with the 1. Structural loads column loads are transmitted through the beam and base plate to the soil mass beneath the base plate. Wrench and Nowatzki also developed a relationship between the deformation modulus and N value.

The plate-load test has been a traditional in situ method for estimating soil modulus for the purposes of estimating the settlement of spread footings. The secondary reaction beam, measured at 9 m by 1. Ruler is approximately 30 cm long.

Summary of plate-load tests.

This gave a total allowable load of kN t. The values of in Table 1 are practically constant regardless of the size d11994-94 the plate in the present study. Prototype load-bearing tests for foundations and pavements. The particle-size distribution of the composite gravelly cobble deposit with sand d194-94 is shown in Fig. Note that in the first reference cited above, no specific reasoning or analysis was given as to how these typical KSvalues were determined.

Figure 10 shows a similar trend, although the relation is not exactly linear. In Proceedings, use of in situ tests in geotechnical engineering.