BATAILLE DE SIFFIN PDF

Balami – Tarikhnama – Battle of Siffin (cropped).jpg × ; KB. 1 reference. imported from Wikimedia project · English Wikipedia. ( AD.) Battle on the plains of Siffin between H. Ali and Muawiya. The battle where copies of Quran were raised on the swords of Muawiya’s soldiers, to come . 67 assassinat d’al-Walid II, , bataille de Marj Râhit, , bataille de Siffin, , , , bataille d’al-Harra, bataille du Zâb,

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ملف:Bataille de Siffîn.png

Appalled by the carnage, Ali sent a message to Muawiya and challenged him to single combat, saying that whoever won should be the Caliph. This page was last edited on 2 Septemberat When Allah decides a matter, He carries it out whether His servants like it or not.

By Allah, I have reached the age which Allah willed that I reach. So, finally, the soffin managed to cross the river, by means of a bridge of boats. The Syrians choice fell on ‘Amr ibn al-‘As who was the rational soul and spokesman of Muawiya.

SIFFIN (BATAILLE) | – Heritage F.I.E.L.D.

Even at this stage, Ali sent three men, viz. In his book, In the Shadow of the SwordTom Holland writes that the Kharijites argued that a true believer “would have trusted his fate, not to diplomacy, but to ongoing warfare and the will of God. This they all agreed upon and he himself would affirm this to whomever asked him. The Iraqis under Ali and the Syrians under Muawiyah were not split over their faith [32] but over when to bring the people who killed Uthman to justice.

The point of contention between us was the question of the murder of Uthman. Local populations of Jews and indigenous Christians, marginalized as religious minorities and taxed heavily to finance the Byzantine—Sassanid Warsoften aided Muslims to take over their lands from the Byzantines and Persians, resulting in exceptionally speedy conquests.

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Nasr b Muzahim, in one of the earliest source states that al-Ash ath ibn Qays, one of Ali’s key supporters and a Kufan, then stood up and said.

ملف:Bataille de – ويكيبيديا، الموسوعة الحرة

But Muawiya refused giving allegiance to Ali until he punished men in his Army who murdered Uthman. Multi-license copyright tags for more information.

When they saw defeat facing them across the battlefield, when many of them were killed, and many more wounded, then they went down on their knees and proposed the same thing, which I had proposed before the bloodshed had begun. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Both of us were united on these principles. Those with forebearance and intelligence see this. The neutrality of this article is disputed. Let the excitement subside, let us cool down; let us do away with sedition and revolt; let the country settle down into a peaceful atmosphere and when once a stable regime is formed and the right authority is accepted, then let this question be dealt with on the principles of equity and justice because only then the authority will have power enough to find the criminals and to bring them to justice.

Since the Constitution of Medina was drafted by the Islamic prophet Muhammadthe Jews and the Christians continued to use their own laws under Islamic rule and had their own judges. History of the Jihad: Public domain Public domain false false This work is in the public domain in its country of origin and other countries and areas where the copyright term is the author’s life plus 70 years or less.

He is right, by the Lord. You have seen what happened in the day which has passed.

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File:Bataille de Siffîn.png

There is no success except by Allah. This photographic reproduction is therefore also considered to be in the public domain in the United States. D Around the Messenger. Four of its five ranks were cut to pieces, and Muawiya, bethinking himself of flight, had already called for his horse, when a martial couplet flashed in his mind, and he held his ground.

Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Ali’s general Ashtar, at the head of Hafiz-e-Qur’an those who had memorized the Koran led forward the other wing, which fell with fury on Muawiya’s body-guards. The Caliphate, its Rise and Fall. You should beware of division because the one isolated from the group is a prey to Satan just as the one isolated from the flock of sheep is a prey to the wolf.

He and his companions did not consider it permissible that they initiate the fight against Ali and his companions. The two armies encamped themselves at Siffin for more than one hundred days, most of the time being spent in negotiations.

Retrieved from ” https: I accepted their proposal so that their desire might be fulfilled, my intentions of accepting the principles of truth and justice and acting according to these principles might become clear and they might have no cause to complain against me.

In Gibbon’s words, “Ali generously proposed to save the blood of the Muslims by a single combat; but his trembling rival declined the challenge as a sentence of inevitable death.