Scientific name: Other names: Tamaraw. Bubalus mindorensis. Mindoro dwarf buffalo, Timaraw, Tamarao, Tamarau, Mindorobüffel, Búfalo de. Bubalus mindorensis is included in the subgenus Bubalus [Hamilton-Smith, ], being affiliated with the Asiatic water buffalo (B. arnee). Bubalus mindorensis Heude, Taxonomic (Download Help) Bubalus mindorensis TSN Reference for: Bubalus mindorensis, tamaraw [ English].

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In the s, the introduction of non-native cattle on the island caused a severe rinderpest epidemic among the tamaraw population then-numbering in the thousands. Lighter markings are also found above the eyes, where they form “eyebrows”. Babies are born reddish-brown in color, and slowly darken over three or four years to the adult coloration. The tamaraw or Mindoro dwarf buffalo Bubalus mindorensis is a small hoofed mammal belonging to the family Bovidae.

Tamaraw – Wikipedia

Endemic to Mindoro in the Philippines 4an island that covers 9, square kilometres. Extensive savannas are found in parts of subtropical and tropical Africa and South America, and in Australia.

View more global usage of this file. Inthe Tamaraw Conservation Program was initiated with the aim of safeguarding the tamaraw and its habitat, undertaking population and habitat surveys, reforestation programs, and educational campaigns, although there is some concern over how well any of these measures have been so far been achieved 6.


Archived from the original shtml on Similar to other bovines, the tamaraw wallows in mud pits. It is also known as the Mindoro dwarf buffalo Hedges et al. Due to the decline of the B. Mud wallowing in captive tamaraw is observed most frequently during the day, and this activity is likely important in wild animals as indicated by the presence of mud wallows throughout appropriate habitat Talbot and Talbot, ; Momongan and Walde, in Custodio et al.

Beforetamaraws were widely distributed throughout the island, inhabiting all elevations m and all habitat types, including Mindoro’s vast forests and less common wetlands, grasslands, riparian areas, and bamboo thickets.

Archived from the original bibalus September 30, Those given are for females only and range from to kg. The solitary nature of the tamaraw is suggested to be an adaptation to a forest environment, where large groups would prove to be a hindrance Eisenberg, in Kuehn, Orientation Normal Horizontal resolution Tamaraws have been hunted for food and sport in the past, but these activities have been outlawed since Young tamaraw may be born throughout Mindoro’s rainy season from Mindorensos to November when food is most plentiful.

It has been suggested that the term tamaraw came from tamadaw which is a probable alternative name for the banteng Bos javanicus. Threat posture used by the bovine involves lowering of the head, shifting its horns into a vertical position. The tamaraw is primarily mibdorensis grazer, feeding on grasses such as Cynodon arcuatusDigitaria sanguinalisEleusine indicaSorghum nitidumPaspalum scrobiculatumAlloteropsis semialata bubalhs, and Vetiveria zizanoides Talbot and Talbot, This page was last edited on 25 Novemberat The limbs are short and stocky.


Criterion D1 essentially required that a population be composed of less than mature individuals; individual counts of the B. While commercial trade in the species is prohibited, exchange for non-commercial reasons such as scientific research is allowed.

File:Bubalus mindorensis by Gregg Yan 01.jpg

Archived from bublaus original on 3 August It is smaller and stockier compared to the water buffalo Bubalus bubalis. The presence of B. The calf stays for 2—4 years with its mother before becoming independent. The ADW Team gratefully acknowledges their support.

The tamaraw was first documented in on the island of Mindoro. Adults are grayish-black in color, with a darker line running along the spine and white markings on the insides of the forelegs. Iglit-Baco National Park in Mindoro Occidentalby government and private entities, including Far Eastern University FEU students, revealed that “the tamaraw population was counted at this year compared to only heads in Adult tamaraws, both cows and bulls, are largely solitary.

Pantholops Tibetan antelope P. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Cows give birth to a single calf every two years.