call progress indicators, 38 call progress tone, voice port configuration, call calculating payback period, – carriers (PBX systems),– CAS. Question 1) I was looking at example from Official Press http:// This book is designed to provide information about CCNA Voice. Every effort . author to produce a lab book for the CCNA Voice certification. I owe her even.

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First we will look at the items that were on the initial exam and that still reside on the current exam so you can see the core has not changed that much. It never really took off and it was removed about 2 years later while still the exam. This helped to keep the question pool fresh. So what was added? This was a single exam and the exam number was I have no idea why 40-461 many other articles state the first exam was You would receive this certification when you passed your ICND1 exam.

In the two exam format, there are 60 minutes in length each instead of 90 minutes vpice the single, composite exam. ATM — An older fixed 53 byte cell technology using virtual circuits. It is significant to note that there were initially no changes to the exam objectives.

I think that is pretty impressive given how quickly things are obsolete today. Do you remember what a MAU was?

Static Routing — Still a base concept you must understand to be a successful network engineer. But that will soon change and we will discuss that shortly.

The two exam option was 50 to 60 questions in 90 minutes for the new ICND1 exam and 45 to 55 questions in voicd minutes for the new ICND2 option.

History of the CCNA Certification –

So you can see how much they have dropped in price over the years. ISDN — Voicf the days of thinking how fast two 56kbps modems basically bundled together were? Now we mentioned Cisco was now providing you a few different options to obtain your CCNA certification.

So Ccnw included simulation questions in which you had to actually configure interfaces at the CLI as these types of questions are a lot harder to memorize. These simulations were based on the Cisco series of routers and the series of switches. There were very few changes in syntax and commands from a CCNA level perspective between Due to the simulation questions, Cisco increased the time allocated for the exam from 75 minutes to ccma minutes.


Frame Relay — Still on the exam for large networks that span 460-416 geographic locations. Back in these days when I achieved my CCNA, the classroom I sat in each student had one router and we had to partner up with another student to see routes propagate between our routers.

Simply Cisco removed ISDN from the exam format and updated the router platform to the routers and series switches.

CCNA Voice Certification | ICOMM 8

Cisco actually called this the CCNA 2. Well, that is what they were selling at the time.

Switch Security — Again, as security is concern, Cisco starts to hammer this home on the exam. Something else I find significant is that Cisco started to tweak the objectives of the exam during the course of this exam number and accordingly changed the questions that were in the exam pool. As before, we will first note what was removed from the exam vouce was formally SDM, Wireless, and Security as mentioned above.

The first way was the tradition single exam which is now called the composite exam.

Good times though back then. Cisco Switch Wireless — This is just being touched on the very 4460-461 in this revision of the exam. The CCIE certification was aimed at those hardcore networking geeks in the early days of corporate networking.

So fast forward two years to and exam Got to conserve vlice IPs! Honestly at this time, most people in the computer networking space simply overlooked this certification as being irrelevant at the time. You may note how they incremented from the previous, numbering system and jumped up to signifying a revamped exam. It was seems that Cisco beefed up the Switching portion of the exam a little bit in this revision.

So if you take your time and really absorb and learn the CCNA objectives, it will be something you will be able to use for a long, long time in your computer networking career.

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So this was one of the core topics you would cover on the exam. Binary-Hex-Decimal Conversions — Although you still need to know binary to decimal conversions to be proficient in subnetting, the hexidecimal conversions were dropped. Cisco Router and Cisco Switch Why did they update the router and switch platform? As these certifications were introduced, it seems we seen that there was less focus on seeing these concepts on the CCNA exam as they seemed to be phased out during the exam run.

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We also had one switch to share between the whole class of 12 students! Some of the fringe technologies change here and there, but nothing earth vice. Well, at cnca in theory. At this time of the Cisco certification evolution, passing either of the exams did not earn the candidate any type of certification.

But what changed was Cisco was trying to eliminate the brain dump sites that were starting to pop up. Troubleshooting — To marry up with the Ccnx revisions that will be introduced about a year later, Cisco starts to introduce the concept of knowing how coice troubleshoot a device and not just set it up.

Access-Lists — General access-list configuration was covered. Finally to and the new CCNA exam.

Now what did they add to the CCNA exam? Most of you probably have no idea what I am even talking about. History of the CCNA Certification Given that you are about to take on the challenge of obtaining your Cisco CCNA certification, you probably should know a little about the history of how it 46-0461 about and how it evolved.

We will touch on this more in a bit. Cisco Switch The reason we are covering what was on the initial exam to the current day exam is so you can see that the core of the CCNA exam has been relatively unchanged in 15 years!

Security — Cisco starts to introduce the concept of Security as hacking is becoming more of a corporate concern.