Dąbrowski called his work the Theory of Positive Disintegration to reflect the central and positive role disintegration plays in development. He believed that some. Describes Kazimierz Dąbrowski’s theory of positive disintegration: A theory of personality development. The basic concepts of Dąbrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration. In W. Tillier ( Ed.), Perspectives on the self: Proceedings of the Second Biennial Conference.

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A fairly high degree of primary integration is present in the average person; a very high degree of primary integration is present in the psychopath.

The character of Level II positlve reflected in its name: The person consciously reviews their existing belief system and tries to replace their lower, automatic views and reactions with carefully thought out, examined and chosen ideals. Opinion on the ideal environment for the gifted is divided into two basic themes.

Level I is heteronomous, aka unilevel.

Unilevel disintegration occurs during developmental crises such as puberty or menopause, in periods of difficulty in handling some stressful external event, or under psychological and psychopathological conditions such as nervousness and psychoneurosis. Young people who are seen as “squares” because they prefer to study instead of partying are an example.

In the course of positive multilevel disintegration primitive, animalistic drives and structures are subject to a disintegration, that is weakening, loosening and even total destruction under the impact of developmental dynamisms cf. When the person’s actual behaviour falls short of the ideal, disharmony and a drive to review and reconstruct one’s life often follow.


One’s social orientation comes to reflect a deep responsibility based on both intellectual and emotional factors.

Dąbrowski’s Theory of Positive Disintegration and its Relevance For the Gifted.

The theory describes various consequences of this experience, positive disintegration and personality growth among them. His work went against the grain as a humanistic theory promoting personal growth in the political atmosphere of Poland in the s and s.

Personally, he was severely affected by both World Wars. The experience of, positve reaction to, crises are a very important aspect of this approach and people are encouraged to experience personal crises with a positive and developmental view. These vertical conflicts are critical in leading to autonomy and advanced personality growth.

How we live largely depends on what happens to us and our behavior is largely reactive and unconscious. Multilevelness of emotional and instinctive functions.

Positive disintegration – Wikipedia

Although based in the nervous system, overexcitabilities come to be expressed psychologically through the development of structures that reflect the emerging autonomous self. Lower psychoneuroses are predominantly psychosomatic in nature, higher psychoneuroses are highly conscious internal struggles whose tensions and frustrations are not anymore translated into somatic disorders.

Although based in the nervous system, overexcitabilities are expressed psychologically through the development of structures that reflect the posirive self.

Thus, this external value system absolves the individual of any individual responsibility. Journal of Advanced Academics. He believed that some individuals are predisposed to experience life more intensely and this predisposes them to frequent and severe crisis.


Another problem has been language. These personal value ideals become the personality ideal: Giftedness and creativity are applied in the service of these higher individual values and visions of how life could be. This broad usage encompasses both malignant criminals and upstanding citizens who blindly and uncritically follow every social precept. Almost as a rule, these factors are related to increased mental excitability, depressions, dissatisfaction with oneself, feelings of inferiority and guilt, states of anxiety, inhibitions, and ambivalences – all symptoms which the psychiatrist tends to label psychoneurotic.

These new values often conflict with the person’s previous social values.

All of these stages of disintegration represent extreme conflict. At the highest levels, “individuals of this kind feel responsible for the realization of justice and for the protection of others against harm and injustice.

Positive disintegration

The second factor externalizes values and morals, thereby externalizing conscience. Self-Actualization as a developmental structure: Mensa Research Journal, 27, A developmental framework for self-actualization: Posltive of human psychological differences: For example, Cubism and Dadaism, with their chaotic forms are examples of creativity expressing positive maladjustment — the rejection and overthrow of the “standard views” of art daborwski life.

A person’s “relation to his environment becomes more and more conscious, clear, and determined. The theory suggests individual developmental potentials are important factors in determining the course of personality growth.