Kingdom: Plantae. Phylum/Division: Magnoliophyta. Class: Eudicots. Order: Malpighiales. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Genus: Excoecaria. Species: E. agallocha. A widespread and common species, though there are some localised threats and there has been an overall population decline caused by coastal development. Common name: Blinding Tree, Milky mangrove, Blind-your-eye mangrove, River poison tree • Bengali: gewa • Hindi: Gangiva, Tejbala • Kannada: hara, haro.

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Novel diterpenes, excoecarins M and N from the resinous wood of Excoecaria agallocha. Seventeen triterpenoids — were isolated from various parts of E. Int J Pharm Clin Res. Several bioactive compounds belonging to various chemical agallocja were isolated from different parts of the plant.

The central spike is packed with tiny florets. Medicines derived from medicinal plants are also easily available, safer, economical, and effective. In vitro Anti-fungal activity of Excoecaria agallocha. J Chin Pharm Sci.

The copious milky sap can cause intense pain and blistering if it makes contact with the skin. His research interests are: The wxcoecaria Excoecaria comprises nearly forty species which are distributed in the mangrove region of Asia, Africa, and northwest Australia.

Ethno-botany, phytochemistry and pharmacology — A review. Species specific search options Taxon Hierarchy.

Excoecaria agallocha – Wikipedia

Plant resources of South-East Asia No. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The milky latex of Excoecaria agallocha is very poisonous and powerfully irritant, which is not unusual in milky species of plant in the family Euphorbiaceae.

He published more than research articles in various international and national journals. Accessing patient health information.


The plant also showed many pharmacological activities such as antioxidant, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, antiulcer, anticancer, antireverse transcriptase, antihistamine-release, antifilarial, DNA damage protective, antidiabetic, and antitumor protecting activities. Distribution From tropical Africa to Australia.

Anti reverse transcriptase and anticancer activity of stem ethanol extracts of Excoecaria agallocha Euphorbiaceae Ceylon J Sci Biol Sci ; A textual diagnostic description of the species that is not necessarily structured. Fruit a capsule x mm, depressed globose, crustaceous, 3-celled, black; pedicels mm long; seeds 3, globose.

Ethnobotanical Information The plant is known to play an important economical, ecological as well as medicinal role.

The MIC values for E. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Owing to its complex chemistry, the plant may have many new medicinal uses. Antihistamine-release activity Antihistamine-release activity of E.

Excoecaria agallochaknown as a back sgallocha, is found at higher agallochw back away from the ocean where salinity is lower. InPatil et al. Forest structure and species distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps of the Sundarbans. It is a host plant of the Mangrove Longhorn Beetle Aeolesthes holosericeus larvae, which drill discs into the trunks of dead or sick individuals.

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi.

Milky mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha) | QPIC

Flowers unisexual, pale green; male flowers: Etymology The genus agalloha Excoecaria is derived from the Latin word ex-caecare which means ‘to make aggallocha. Find a service Referral guidelines Statewide Emergency Guidelines Referring patients Telehealth store and forward How to submit a referral Referral forms Eligibility requirements Catchment areas Frequently asked questions Accessing patient health information.


Table 4 Botanical features of Excoecaria agallocha L. The latex obtained from the bark is poisonous in nature and may cause temporary blindness, thus it is also known as the blind-your-eye mangrove plant. Agallocha partner Strand Life Sciences. Male inflorescences are in cm long while female inflorescences, if shorter, at 1. Fourteen isopimarane-type diterpenes 42—55 were isolated from E. Anti-tumor-promoting activity of the diterpene from Excoecaria agallocha. The result showed that in the dried plant sample, the leaf part showed more antibacterial activity against all the test organisms compared to the fresh plant extracts.

The result revealed that methanol extract exhibited higher activity compared to hexane and chloroform extract. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. His research involves bioactivity and phytochemical studies of various medicinal plant species. Agalolcha Asian Nat Prod Res. The roots of the plant are used to treat toothache and swellings[ 20 ] as well as used as an ingredient of embrocations.

Excoecaria agallocha

This article provides a comprehensive review of the complete profile of an important mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L. Three new labdane-type diterpenes from wood, Excoecaria agallocha. Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of environmental plants: It flowers during t It is a small tree which usually grows up to 15 m in height [ Figure 1 ].

Antihistamine-release activity of E. A novel phorbol ester was isolated from stems and leaves as the anti-HIV principle.