The Gesta Hungarorum of the Anonymous Notary of King Béla is the oldest extant The author of the Gesta, known historically as the Anonymus (always thus). The Romanians in the Anonymous Gesta Hungarorum. Truth and Fiction, Centrul de Studii Transilvane (Bibliotheca Rerum Transsilvaniae, XXXIV) Cluj-Napoca. Written between , the Gesta Hungarorum is an ingenious and imaginative historical fiction of prehistory, medieval history and contemporary social.

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Gelou – Wikipedia

After the disappearance of the state authorities, leadership of the local communities was assumed by the priests. You must also include a United States public domain tag to indicate why this work is in the gssta domain in the United States.

The idea that Hungarians descended from Huns comes from Western writings, not from an internal tradition. And so it happened.

The oral testimonies recorded by the gestae have however a special feature, because they were created in the aris- tocratic environment, where knowledge of the genealogy was essen- tial for the legitimacy of the rank and of the estates. The imperial power became a fiction after ; however, some frontier camps continued to be garrisoned by foederati, until the second or third decade of the 5th century.

De prudentia Tuhuti Predictus vero Tuhutum vir prudentissimus, misit quendam virum astutum patrem Opaforcos Ogmand, ut furtive ambulans previderet sibi qualitatem hungaarorum fertilitatem terre Ultrasilvane, et quales essent habi- tatores eius.

The fortress was restored after some time, in a different technique. Dux salanus uisis muneribus et audita legatione tam suorum quam istorum, letior factus est solito, et missos arpad ducis benigne suscepit, et diuersis donis ditauit.

Hoc cum audiuisset dux arpad, quod thosu et zobolsu cum omnibus exercitibus suis sani et incolumes reuersi essent, et fluuium thyscie transnauigassent, fecit magnum conuiuium et gaudium annuntiantibus diuersa dedit donaria. No medieval chronicler rejected the autochthony of the Romanians in Transylvania, although their attitude toward this peo- ple was often scornful.

This was the source and the reason of the power of the duchy ruled by Gelou, which included the salt mines from Ocna Dejului, Sic, Cojocna, and Turda. Views View Edit History. As pointed out by Stelian Brezeanu, the Byzantine authors like the Hungarian ones established a rela- tionship between the Romance people from the Balkans and the ancient Romanized populations Bessi, Dacians, or Pannonians.


Et regalem sibi locum constituit iux ta danubium super calidas aquas et omnia antiqua opera que ibi inuenit renouari precepit, et in circuitu muro fortissimo edificauit, que per hungarorm hungaricum dicitur nunc buduuar, et a theotonicis ecilburgu uocatur.

De Terra Ultrasilvana Et dum ibi diutius morarentur, tunc Tuhutum pater Horca, sicut erat vir astutus, dum cepisset audire de incolis bonitatem terre Ultrasilvane, ubi Gelou quidam Blacus dominium tenebat, cepit ad hoc hanelare, quod, si posse esset, per gratiam ducis Arpad hungagorum sui terram Ul- trasilvanam sibi et suis posteris acquireret.

Dux autem menumorout eos benigne recipit: Transylvania in the medieval Hungarian Kingdom — —1. Salt was vital for the Hungarians, as for any cattle-breeders. One of the controversial pieces of information transmitted by GH is truthful. Et primus rex scithie fuit magog filius iaphet et gens illa a magog rege uocata est moger.

This continuity consisted of: Dux arpad consilio et peticjone suorum nobilium donauit accepto iuramento infidelium terras in diversis locis predictis infidelibus de partibus nytrie ductis. Zeit des ungarisch-slawischen Zusammenlebens — in German.

The problem is that this site was only a refuge place that cannot gedta considered the residence of a ruler.

Oh no, there’s been an error

Tunc communi consilio hac de causa missus est borsu filius buger cum suis militibus. GH includes some references to a people called Romani, exist- ing during the Hungarian conquest: The works of G. Alio namque die zuard, cadusa et huba armata multitudine exercituum, ceperunt fortiter expugnare ciuitatem nitriam multis modis.

Tunc usubuu et ueluc cum magno hungarprum et gaudio ad ducem arpad reuersi sunt. A peculiar viewpoint was expressed by I. Transylvania in the Early Middle Ages. This kind of assimilation took place in several regions of eastern Romania, where the Romanians were Slavized, and assimilated into what would become the Bulgarian and Serbian peoples.


One of these topics is the credibility that can or cannot be given to the most disputed historical source on the Transylvanian early Middle Ages: Tunc hij tres domini super uerticem eiusdem montis terram undique perspicientes, quantum humanus oculus ualet, ultra quam dici potest dilexerunt et in eodem loco paganisimo, occiso equo pinguissimo magnum aldamas fecerunt.

Sed ab euentu diuino est nominatus almus, quia matri eius pregnanti per sompnium apparuit diuina uisio in forma asturis, que quasi ueniens eam grauidauit. Aut nonne cyrum regem persarum scithici cum trecentis XXX-ta milibus occiderunt? Mais pour ce qui est de hkngarorum terre qu’il nous demande, il ne l’aura pas tant que nous vivrons.

One hungarorim these sources is the Chronicle of Regino, used by the Anonymous Notary, who had thus the possibility to include this person in his narrative. Et ibidem iuxta tocotam et infra siluas dux arpad dedit terras multas diversorum locorum cum suis habitatoribus edunec et edumernec. De la ville de Bezprem.

File:Gesta hungarorum map.jpg

The town became a refuge place for the popu- lation of the neighboring area. No doubt, the source is a tendentious and propagandistic work that left aside events not suitable with this exultation over the Hungarian past.

According to Anonymus, Gelou “was not steadfast and did not have around him good warriors”. Et transito fluuio illo usque ad fluuium zoua peruenerunt. The excavation report specified that most of the dwellings are con- centrated in the space between precincts no. Late 9th-century sources mentioned the Avarsthe Bavarians, the Bulgarians, the Danubian Slavsthe Gepids and the Moravians among the peoples inhabiting the Carpathian Basin. A quo, quidam fluvio Hungari a gentibus occidentis sunt vocati.

Qui accepta licentia a duce arpad equitantes transnauigauerunt danubium nullo contradicente, in illo loco, ubi fluuius zoua descendit in danubium.