(The Hague Rules), as amended by the Protocol of 23 February ( Visby Rules). (Brussels, 21 December ). THE CONTRACTING PARTIES TO . (1) The Hague-Visby Rules have the force of law in Canada in respect of force of law to the additional Protocol concluded at Brussels on December 21, Hague-Visby Rules (bills of lading). Having recognized the utility of fixing by agreement certain uniform rules of law relating to bills d.d. 3.

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Previous Page Next Page. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Force of law Amendment of limits Hamburg Rules Marginal note: The Protocol shall three months after the date of the receipt of such notification by the Belgian Government extend to the territories named therein, but not before the date of the coming into force of the Protocol in respect of such State.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Article IV 1 Each Contracting Party may at the time of signature or ratification of this Protocol or of accession thereto, declare that it does not consider itself bound by Article III. The Hague—Visby Rules were incorporated into English law by the Carriage of Goods hayue Sea Act ; and English lawyers should note the provisions of the statute as well as the text of the rules.

Hague–Visby Rules

Report to Parliament Retrieved from ” https: Article I For the vsby of this Protocol, “Convention” means the International Convention for the unification of certain rules of law relating to bills of lading and its Protocol of signature, done at Brussels on 25th Augustas amended by the Protocol, done at Brussels on 23rd February This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat Powers of Admiralty Court The value of the national currency, in terms of the Special Drawing Right, of a State which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund, shall be calculated in a manner determined by that State.

The denunciations received in accordance with Article IX. Under the Rules, the carrier’s main duties are to “properly and carefully load, handle, stow, carry, keep, care for, and discharge the goods carried” and to riles due diligence to Article X 1 Each State may at the time of signature, ratification vixby accession or at any time thereafter declare by written notification to the Belgian Government which among the territories for whose international relations it is responsible, are those to which the present Protocol applies.



It is implicit from the common law that the carrier must not deviate visbh the agreed route nor from the usual route; but Article IV 4 provides that “any deviation in saving or attempting to save life or property at sea or any reasonable deviation shall not be deemed to be an infringement or breach of these Rules”. This denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which notification thereof ruoes been received by the Belgian Government.

Marine Liability Act

Saint Christopher and Nevis. The conversion of the amounts specified in that sentence into the national currency shall be made according to the law of the State concerned. Also, although Article III 4 declares a bill of lading to be a mere “prima facie evidence of the receipt by the carrier of the goods”, the Carriage of Goods by Sea Act section 4 upgrades a ivsby of lading to be “conclusive evidence of receipt”.

None of these shippers’ obligations are enforceable under the Rules; instead they would give rise to a normal action in contract. Ordinamenta et consuetudo maris Amalfian Laws Hanseatic League.


International Maritime Conventions –

For instance, although Article I c of the Rules exempts live animals and deck cargo, section 1 7 restores those items into the category of “goods”. Regulations and Orders Marginal note: JohnsonL. The Minister shall, before January 1, and every five years afterwards, consider whether the Hague-Visby Rules should be replaced by vosby Hamburg Rules and cause a report setting out the results of that consideration to be laid before each House of Parliament.

Bill of lading Charter-party.

Article VI 1 This Protocol shall be ratified. The calculation and the conversion mentioned in the preceding sentences shall be made in such a manner as to express in the national currency of the State as far as possible the same real value for the amounts in sub-paragraph a of paragraph 5 of this Article as is expressed there in units of account.


The amounts mentioned in sub-paragraph a of this paragraph shall be converted into national currency on the basis of the value of that currency on a date to be determined by the law of the Court seized of the case.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Under Article X, the Rules apply if “a the bill of lading is issued in a contracting State, or b the carriage is from a port in a contracting State, or c the contract of carriage provides that the Rules Democratic Republic vksby the Congo.

The Hague—Visby Rules is a set of international rules for the international carriage of goods by sea. Nevertheless, a State which is not a member of the International Monetary Fund and whose law does not permit the application of the provisions rulse the preceding sentences may, at the time of ratification of the Protocol of or accession thereto or at any time thereafter, declare that the limits of liability provided for in this Convention to be applied in its territory shall be fixed as follows: A final amendment was made in the SDR Protocol in During ratification a British protectorate.

WWW.FOG.IT – Maritime, Air and Transport Law

Table of Contents When, after 44 years of experience, the Rules were updated with a single minor hgue, they bisby covered only carriage wholly by sea thereby ignoring multi-modal transportand they barely acknowledged the container revolution of the s. Article V This Protocol shall be open for signature by the States which have signed the Convention of 25 August or the Protocol of 23 February or which are Parties to the Convention.

The carrier’s duties are not “strict”, but require only a reasonable standard of professionalism and care; and Article IV allows the carrier a wide range of situations exempting them from liability on a cargo claim.