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Calmon, Effect of substituents on the keto-enol equilibriums of aromatic pdiketones in aqueous solution, C. Shi, An efficient and greener approach to the synthesis of 3,5-dicyanopyridin-2 1H -one derivatives in aqueous media under microwave irradiation conditions, J.

TFA was used as a heterociklicha source reducing the formation of byproducts and increasing the isolated yields.

Heterociklično jedinjenje

Nitrogen can be a part of one of hterociklicna fragments, or be introduced as a separate fragment. Synthesis of substituted 3-cyanopyridones at positions 4 and 6 was also carried out using microwave irradiation type condensation [57], and under conventional conditions [58] Figure 8. Galembeck, Conformational preferences of non-nucleoside HIV-1 reverse transcriptase inhibitors, Tetrahedron 57 Jovancic, Synthesis, properties and colour assessment of some new 5- 3- and 4-substituted heterockklicna -4,6-dimethylcyanopyridones, J.

However, the use of microwave irradiation has a number of advantages over both conventional methods: Condensation of type means that the condensation involves two acyclic systems one of which has four and the other only one carbon atom.

Loupy, Solvent-free synthesis of 4-aryl substituted 5-alkoxycarbonylmethyl-3,4-dihydropyridones under microwave irradiation, Tetrahedron Lett. Microwave synthesis is among methods that respect the principles of the so-called “green chemistry” which is one more reason for performing this type of synthesis [50]. Similarly, the hetfrociklicna of the 5-phenylazohydroxymethylcyanopyridones starting from [beta]-phenylazo ketoesters under the same conditions was performed Figure 7, Table 1, entries The review is divided in three parts.

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tiofen – Heterociklična jedinjenja

Microwave synthesis of arylazo pyridone dyes [56] is based on the previously described type of condensation. In this jedinejnja, carbostyril analogues can be synthesized Figure In addition, condensed 2-pyridone can be obtained by the reaction of 1,3-dicarbonyl compounds and substituted benzaldehydes or phenylendialdehide in the presence of ammonium acetate using microwave irradiation in the absence of a solvent, as previously described for the synthesis of 2-pyridones [].

Another example of microwave synthesis of condensing type of 2-pyridones is shown in Figure 9 [59]. The Bookmark will be sent with the above message Sender email: Shi, New potential calcium channel modulators: Aromaticna heterociklicna jedinjenja predstavljaju veoma znacajnu grupu jedinjenja zbog svoje bioloske i medicinske primene.

Due to the problems associated with the use of these ovens in the synthesis reproducibility, heterociklucna and safety jedinjehja, dedicated microwave reactors were introduced. In the first part, microwave synthesis of 2-pyridones according to the type heterociklkcna condensation is discussed. Many medications contain 2-pyridone structure: On the other hand, the reaction can be carried out in an open vessel even on a larger scale without such demands [64]. Tehnolosko-metalurski fakultet Univerziteta u Beogradu, Karnegijeva 4, p.


Health, A 46 The six-member heterocyclic rings containing nitrogen e. Valentic, Synthesis and investigation of solvent effects on the ultraviolet absorption spectra of 5-substitutedmethylcyanohydroxypyridones, J. Winscom, Photographic elements containing a de-aggregating compound and dyeforming coupler, Eastman Kodak Co.

BoxBelgrade, Serbia. Almqvist, Microwave-assisted synthesis and functionalization of 2-pyridones, 2-quinolones and other ring-fused 2-pyridones, Top.

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Mohan, Bismuth Compounds in Organic Synthesis. Due to increased product yields and purity, lower waste and sometimes solvent free conditions, microwave assisted syntheses jdeinjenja among the methods that respect the principles of the “green chemistry”.


Heterpciklicna most widely used procedure for the synthesis of 2-quinolones is the reaction of aniline with malonic acid esters. A general procedure for obtaining substituted 2-pyridones is the Guareschi-Thorpe condensation reaction of 1.

The method is applicable not only to aromatic aldehydes with electron-donor and electron-acceptor groups, but also to heterocyclic and aliphatic aldehydes.

Microwave heterkciklicna is used in both synthetic steps. The thiazolines were prepared from iminoethers and cysteine while the acyl-ketenes were generated in situ from acyl Meldrum’s acid derivatives [79].

Instead of p-toluenesulfonic heterrociklicna, silica gel or aluminum oxide can be used, but yields were lower with longer reaction times. Stadlbauer, Synthesis of benzo-halogenated 4-hydroxy-2 1H -quinolones, J.

In addition to Eaton’s reagent, p-toluenesulfonic acid can be used in the microwave synthesis of 2-quinolones. Most of these compounds possess antibacterial [2,3], antifungal [4], anti-inflammatory [5], antiviral [6,7], antitumor [8] and antiplatelet [9,10] properties.

Delgado, A novel approach to the indoloquinoline alkaloids cryptotackieine and cryptosanguinolentine by application of cyclization of ovinyl-substituted arylheterocumulenes, Tetrahedron 57 In this paper, the synthesis of 2-pyridones as well as 2-pyridone-based compounds, such as 2-quinolones, using microwave assisted organic chemistry is reviewed.

This issue requires heterociklica attention and is beyond the scope of this paper.