In , the psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. The aim of this. Hospital Under Beds, Hospital Over Beds, Eldercare or Hospice Facility Home > August – Volume – Issue 2 > AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN HOFLING CHARLES K. M.D.; BROTZMAN, EVELINE R.N, M.S.; Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer and Object Relationships in Early Memories: A Pilot Study. In the original Hofling hospital experiment (). A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse .

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Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. However his experiment is unethical in some ways. This is proved by the contrasting data from the questionnaires and the experiment as in the questionnaires all the nurses baring 2 said they would not have given the medication.

The study revealed the danger to patients that existed because the nurses’ view of professional standards induced them to suppress their good judgement.

Starting from Nazism where ordinary Germans, who were loving parents to their children, but actively participated in killing of Jews. Separating the parts of a digit ISBN is expediment done with either hyphens or spaces, figuring out how to correctly separate a given ISBN number is complicated, because most of the parts do not use a fixed number of digits.

Hofling hospital experiment – WikiVisually

The nurses were thought to have allowed themselves to be deceived because of their high opinions of the standards of the medical profession. The researchers have set up a debriefing session to help with and distress caused by the experiment. This shows that if the nurse is emotionally upset then the debrief will inform them about what the procedure actually involved.

August 31, at Articles needing additional references from March All articles needing additional references. Finally, the nurses never had the chance to withdraw from the investigation due them believing it was a real life situation.


To summarise, I think the cons outweigh the pros in this experiment so therefore would not repeat it.

Taking part in the study may cause distress at multiple points. The nurses were also quickly debriefed, and therefore they can understand the experiment and experient they were being investigated, in the debriefing none of the nurses were distressed, which shows that the study was acceptable. If the nurse who has not been told about the experiment becomes emotional or stressed this is affecting her welfare.

You may reference other guidelines you have researched. If you have enjoyed these pages or found them useful, you may like to donate. This was also how Hofling protected the participants and confirmed that no mental harm was produced. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. It was run 22 times, with the procedure and conditions the eperiment each time.

It could have been anyone on the phone and in a real life situation it may cause a deathly over dose to a patient from someone untrained ringing up. gofling

The experiment did not use any names to keep confidentiality and protect the participants. Nearly all admitted they should not have followed the orders as they were in contravention of hospital policy — viz: Smith, who asked them to administer the drug and said that he would write up the paperwork as soon as he got to the hospital. The learner would press a button to indicate his response, if the answer was incorrect, the teacher would administer a shock to the learner, with the voltage increasing in volt increments for each wrong answer.

Hofling – yes or no?

The experimental protocol was explained nofling a group of twelve nurses and twenty-one nursing students, who were asked to predict how many nurses would give the drug to the patient; ten nurses and all the nursing students said they would not do it. Under these conditions, only 2 out of 18 nurses prepared the medication as requested.

August 25, at 4: Therefore i think that the experiment is acceptable and should be allowed to be repeated. This would ensure that no placebos were left behind by accident. At this point, many people indicated their desire to stop the experiment, some test subjects paused at volts and began to question the purpose of the experiment. However, there is also some other factors that Hofling did not comply with.


The confidentiality of nurses is also kept making the experiment more ethical aswell. Additionally the participants of the study were protected from any harm. This would restrict them from acting naturally and showing what they would do in the real situation.

hofling hospital | Viv•i•fy : ( verb) : to endow with renewed life

To conclude, this experiment gives good results to see what would happen if the nurses were to be in that situation, it would also give patients reassurance that they are in the hands of a responsible nurse although some ethical guidelines have not been met. YouTube Videos [show more]. It states in the experiment that some nurses became emotionally upset.

However if the medication did have a affect on a patient it may put them at risk. None of the investigators, and only one experienced nurse who examined the protocol in advance, correctly guessed the experimental results.

That’s probably too broad – it should be something at least in the same spirit as the original experiment re having someone murdered anonymously. Against this possibility must be weighed the fact that Hoffling had an observer the real doctor on each ward to signal when the time was most appropriate to commence the study.

The implication is that with fewer reasons to refuse, they would be even more likely to obey. There are 6 guidelines that are meant to be followed in relation to ethics when conducting an experiment. Inthe psychiatrist Charles K. It may also cause distress to patients within hospital whom are taking certain medicine.

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