Scientific name. Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. Subordinate taxa: Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. var. benadirianum (Chiov.) Verdc. Macrotyloma. Horse gram seeds (Indian name: Kulthi) Macrotyloma uniflorum, Organic Heirloom Untreated Seeds. For Growing Or Sprouting Horse Gram (Macrotyloma . Biflorus, horse gram, horse grain, kulthi bean, madras bean, madras gram, poor man’s pulse, dolic biflore, grain de cheval, kerdekorn, pferdebohne, pferdekorn.
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Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Heavy rains during the initial stages of crop growth affect nodule formation owing to poor aeration in the soil. Natural History Natural History Cyclicity. Prefers near neutral soils, but will grow maceotyloma to pH 5 or 5. Superseded by the advent of various Stylosanthes spp. Nomenclature and Classification Nomenclature and Classification.
If sown as a fast-developing pioneer, it provides useful early feed in a forage system. Articles needing additional references from August All articles needing additional references Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing Burmese-language text Commons category link from Wikidata Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms.
Usually grows in open forestsometimes in monsoon forest. Bean fly Ophiomyia AgromyzaMelanagromyza phaseoli: Hooker’s icones plantarum38 Known or potential benefits of the species for humans, at a direct economic level, as instruments of education, prospecting, eco-tourism, etc.
Macrotyloma uniflorum – Useful Tropical Plants
London and New York. Idukki, Palakkad, Malappuram, Thiruvananthapuram. The primary center of origin and use of horse gram as a cultivated plant is in the plains and hills of low altitude extending southwards in the Western Ghats in South West India. Seed yields can be reduced by pod rot during late season rains, pod borers, and rodents. All plant parts clothed in short translucent hairs.
Initially considered a potential dry season supplement for low quality native pasture. Natural phenols are mostly phenolic acidsnamely, 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic4-hydroxybenzoicvanilliccaffeicp -coumaricferulicsyringic and sinapic acids.
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Does not seem to adversely affect ruminants. Medical uses of these legumes have been discussed. Seasonal migration macrotylomq reproduction are usually treated separately. General description of the sites where the species is found ecosystem, forest, environment or microhabitat. Kew Bulletin24— It matures in 4 to 6 months.
Horse gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum) | Feedipedia
Heteropogon contortusPanicum maximum. Raw horse gram seed is rich in polyphenolsflavonoidsand proteins, major antioxidants present in fruits and other food materials. Seed yields vary markedly with growing conditions. Occurs in NEQ and southwards as far as south-eastern Queensland. The pods are indehiscent and retain the seed. Or, Login with your user account:. Inflorescence a short raceme of two or three flowers, sometimes reduced to a single flower.
Renu, Sanjana Julias Thilakar, D. Adapted to a wide range uniflofum well-drained soils from sands and gravels to macrotylkma loams and heavy clays.
It is best managed as a dry season feed reserve, with the high quality seed-in-pod remaining on the bush, and fallen leaf licked from the ground. Thus, it has remained an underutilized food legume. Comparatively, horse gram seeds have higher trypsin inhibitor and hemagglutinin activities and natural phenols than most bean seeds.
Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons. Has value as a pioneer legume or sometimes a regenerating annual in permanent pasture.
Stems clothed in white or pale backward-pointing hairs. The majority of antioxidant properties are confined to the seed coat and its removal would not do any good. Stipules hairy, triangular, about x 2 mm. Lateral veins about 3 or 4 on each side of the midrib. Diptera, Agromyzidae sometimes attacks young seedlings Subject to attack by a wide range of viruses: Choice of useful plant species from forests for domestication has been found to start simultaneo